The prognosis for the global refugee protection regime is not good. Wealthy countries are more determined than ever to avoid the arrival of refugees, investing massively in a variety of non-entree policies to deflect refugees away from their borders. Yet despite the fact that only about 15 percent of the world's refugees reach such states, rich countries spend four times as much money to manage and process the refugee claims of the small number of refugees who reach them than to fund the protection of the 85 percent of refugees who remain in the less developed world. Roughly a third of refugees in the global South are still stuck in refugee camps where they can make no contribution to even their own welfare, much less that of the neighboring communities; most refugees able to avoid the hellhole of refugee camps are forced to eke out an existence in equally hellish urban slums. And nearly two-thirds of the world's refugee population are living in protracted refugee situations-waiting on average twenty years for a solution to their plight, with none in sight.
Hathaway, James C. Foreword to Latin America and Refugee Protection: Regimes, Logics, and ChallengesLiliana Lyra Jubilut, Marcia Vera Espinoza, and Gabriela Mezzanotti. New York: Berghahn, 2021.