The history of federations is both long and short. It is long in that the federation originated with the Swiss Confederation, which dates back to the 1291 defense confederacy of the cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden; it is short because the second federation in world history, one that has become a model for many others, did not come into being until almost five centuries later in America.
Socialist Federation--A Legal Means to the Solution of the Nationality Problem: A Comparative Study,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol82/iss5/8