This article will examine the extent to which, and the methods by which, individual rights are protected in each of these three phases of union activity. We will see that the employee is well protected in his right to oppose political action of the union and has considerable legal protection for his rights to engage in internal union political struggles, but the employee has received little protection for his economic interests in collective bargaining between unions and employers. A recent decision by the NLRB, which will be examined in some detail, suggests that additional protection for individual economic rights in the collective bargaining process may be in the offing.
Alfred W. Blumrosen,
The Worker and Three Phases of Unionism: Administrative and Judicial Control of the Worker-Union Relationship,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol61/iss8/3