The Uniform Code of Military Justice, designed to govern the entire military establishment of the United States, was enacted May 5, 1950, replacing the three separate systems of law theretofore applied to the Army, Navy, and Air Force. Pressure for a uniform code was a reflection of the great surge toward unification of the Armed Services which followed World War II. The new Code, however, is not just a revision and consolidation of the prior systems of military law. World War II, with its great increase in the size of the Armed Services and in the percentage of the population under the jurisdiction of military law, exposed many of the inadequacies of the old system to heavy public criticism. Consequently the new Code represents not only unification. but also substantial reform in the system of military law.
John F. Spindler,
THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE-NEW RIGHTS AND A MEANS TO ENFORCE THEM,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol50/iss7/8