Often an action brought against an official of the sovereign is actually against the sovereign itself, nominally represented by the official. The status of such a suit when the official leaves office is even today not satisfactorily settled. The so-called representative suit, while at one time serving a purpose, has always been somewhat anomalous and today is antiquated and useless.
Alan C. Boyd S.Ed.,
CIVIL PROCEDURE-ABATEMENT-STATUS OF SUIT NOMINALLY AGAINST GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL WHEN OFFICIAL LEAVES OFFICE,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol50/iss3/6