Plaintiff alleged that while driving on a two-lane highway, he was overtaken by defendant, who attempted to pass against oncoming traffic and forced plaintiff to tum right in an effort to leave the highway. At that point, a passenger in plaintiff's car seized the steering wheel, causing the car to travel left across the highway without collision and then overturn, injuring plaintiff. Held, demurrer to complaint sustained. The passenger's act was not foreseeable, was not the normal response to the situation created by the defendant, and was so extraordinary as to be an efficient intervening cause. Robinson v. Butler, (Minn. 1948) 33 N. W. (2d) 821.
Herbert E. Phillipson, Jr.,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol47/iss7/23