Simulation may be defined as a wilful, deliberate and fraudulent imitation or exaggeration of illness intended to deceive the observer for the purpose of gaining a consciously desired end. Simulation of a physical or mental illness is usually resorted to: (1) by persons who have sustained an injury, the disability resulting therefrom being compensable by benefits payable under the workmen's compensation law or by damages in personal injury actions based on alleged negligence; (2) by persons who wish to obtain insurance benefits for disability in accordance with the provisions of health, accident and life insurance policies, and included in this group are persons who attribute to an accident which may never have occurred symptoms of disability which they know, or have reason to believe may arise from or be intimately connected with independent pre-existing natural disease; (3) by those who wish to evade conscription or, while in military service, to escape certain duties--simulation in the latter instance being popularly known as "gold-bricking''; (4) by persons who wish to avoid some legal or other responsibility.
SIMULATION OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE,
Mich. L. Rev.
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