This paper is concerned with the rules found in our state constitutions for apportionment of representation in the state legislature. It does not attempt to solve the problems of high-tension politics that are involved in the making and remaking of such rules; it goes no deeper than an exposition of existing rules. Even on this level it is not exhaustive. Since the constitutions exhibit manifold variations, from simple directions which are scarcely more than a declaration of policy to complex rules for the formation of districts, no attempt will be made to classify all the different types of provisions. With the basic assumption that the ideal to be sought is equal representation for all, the more common provisions will be measured against this ideal. The tables in the appendix set out the provisions for all the states.
APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATION IN THE LEGISLATURE: A STUDY OF STATE CONSTITUTIONS,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol43/iss6/4