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Abstract

Complainants owned and operated a small cafeteria conducting the business without the aid of any employees. Defendants, a labor union and its president, picketed the cafeteria in an attempt "to organize it." The picketing was carried on by parade of one person at a time in front of the premises, at all times in an "orderly and peaceful" manner. Signs were carried which tended to give the impression that the complainants were "unfair" to organized labor and that the pickets "had been previously employed in the cafeteria." These representations were knowingly false in that there had been no employees in the cafeteria and the complainants were "not unfair to organized labor." It further appeared as a fact that the pickets told prospective customers that the cafeteria served bad food and that by "patronizing" it "they were aiding the cause of Fascism." The complainants sought an in junction against such picketing and the state courts, from the trial court through to the court of last resort, enjoined the defendants. On certiorari the case was brought to the Supreme Court of the United States to determine whether the state court had "exceeded the bounds within which the Fourteenth Amendment confines state power." Held, the injunction should be dissolved. Cafeteria Employees Union, Local 302, et al v. Angelos et al, (Nov., 1943) 64 S. Ct. 126.

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