Observers not wholly familiar with the administration of the present government of Italy are generally surprised by the fact that the Council of State, the supreme administrative court, is still an operating body after more than eighteen years of blackshirt revolution and domination. It seems strange that a dictator should have preserved this agency, which was established in order to bring justice into public administration, and which rapidly became the principal guardian of individual rights against administrative arbitrariness. One asks how the Council of State can, in a totalitarian state, continue to exercise its functions of administrative court and of main administrative advisory body to the government with any success as an ameliorative force.
Paul B. Rava,
ITALIAN ADMINISTRATIVE COURTS UNDER FASCISM,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol40/iss5/3