Interesting problems arise in regard to privileged communications when made to the professional confidant in the presence of a third person. Such problems are concerned with the manner and degree in which the privilege is altered or destroyed by the presence of such third persons. It is the purpose of this comment to discuss the attorney-client and physician-patient privileges as affected by the presence of a third person, where the professional confidant and his client or patient are aware of such presence.
Dan K. Cook,
WITNESSES - PRIVILEGED PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATIONS AS AFFECTED BY THE PRESENCE OF THIRD PARTIES,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol36/iss4/9