In her declaration, plaintiff alleged that while she was riding as a gratuitous passenger in defendant's automobile, she was injured as a consequence of defendant's gross negligence in permitting a person known by him to be incompetent to drive the automobile; that by reason of the incompetence of the driver, the car went into a ditch, causing the injury complained of. The defendant moved to dismiss the declaration on the ground that it did not charge actionable gross negligence and that the defendant was not liable for mere negligence under a Michigan statute. Held, that the declaration should be dismissed. Naudzius v. Lahr (Mich. 1931) 234 N.W. 581.

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