The plaintiff sued A and B for infringement of patent rights. The suit was dismissed as to A and B testified that the business was solely his. A decree was then entered against B, "his agents, employees, associates and confederates * * *," which enjoined them from "infringing, or aiding or abetting, or in any way contributing to the infringement * * *" of the patents. When the decree was entered, A was an employee of B, but subsequently A left B's employ, began his own business, and infringed the patent. The plaintiff began contempt proceedings against A in the original suit. The district court found that A's infringement was in no way connected with B, yet fined A for contumacy. Held, the decree of the district court should be reversed. Alemite Mfg. Corporation v. Staff, 42 F.(2d) 832.