The lives of two black patriots, one from Louisiana, the other from Cuba, reflect the crucially different trajectories that their similar societies took as they fashioned the concept of citizenship on the ruins of slavery in the latter half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.
Rebecca J. Scott,
Degrees of freedom: Building citizenship in the shadow of slavery,
Law Quadrangle (formerly Law Quad Notes)
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/lqnotes/vol47/iss2/11