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Regulatory theory is concerned with how various forms of regulation, including law, govern social interaction. Much of the theoretical work on legal regulation has been developed in the context of domestic law. This chapter examines international law in the particular setting of regulation of outsider entities, such as failed and nascent states, that is where international regulation fills the vacuum caused by the collapse of domestic institutions and the rule of law. Through a brief examination of international regulation in Bosnia–Hercegovina and East Timor, this chapter asks what light a regulatory lens sheds on international law. Drawing on Hugh Collins's starting questions in Regulating Contracts, it investigates whether the international law in this area conceives of relations in ways that are different from the frameworks in which they operate.


This material was originally published in Regulating Law, edited by Christine Parker, Colin Scott, Nicola Lacey, and John Braithwaite and has been reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press. For permission to reuse this material, please visit