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A boycott is a group refusal to deal. Such concerted action is an effective way for society’s less powerful members,such as unorganized workers or racial minorities, to seek fair treatment in employment, public accommodations,and public services. But as the Supreme Court recognized in Eastern States Retail Lumber Dealers’ Association v.United States (1914): ‘‘An act harmless when done by one may become a public wrong when done by many acting in concert, for it then takes on the form of a conspiracy.’’


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