Administrative agencies, often called the ‘‘fourth branch,’’ are entities of government that make decisions within particular substantive fields. Although these fields range over the full spectrum of public concern, the specificity of agencies’ focus distinguishes them from other decision making entities in the constitutional structure—the judiciary, the presidency, the Congress, indeed the individual citizen—each of which can be taken to have a scope of interest as broad as imagination will allow.
Publication Information & Recommended Citation
Vining, Joseph. "Administrative Agencies." In Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, edited by L. W. Levy et al., suppl. 1, 6-8. New York: Macmillan, 1992.