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Child protective proceedings involving non-Indian children are primarily governed by the Child Protection Law (CPL), MCL 722.621 et seq.; the Juvenile Code, MCL 712A.1 et seq.; and subchapter 3.900 of the Michigan Court Rules. Taken together, these sources of authority establish a comprehensive scheme for reporting cases of suspected abuse and neglect, investigating those reports, and responding, when necessary, with appropriate legal action. For child protective proceedings concerning Indian children, see chapter 25. While these statutes form the primary authority for handling child protection proceedings, practitioners must be aware that federal law, specifically Title IV-E of the Social Security Act, 42 USC 670 et seq., and the policy established by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) for handling child protection cases are increasingly influential in the courts’ handling of child protection cases.


This material is reprinted with permission from Chapter 24: Child Protection Law and Procedure, by Frank E. Vandervort, from Michigan Family Law, 7th ed., © 2017 the Institute of Continuing Legal Education (ICLE), ICLE has granted the University of Michigan Law School permission to use this material in a non-commercial institutional repository (http:// to preserve and provide access to the scholarship of the Law School. Any further sharing, copying, distribution, display, republication, reuse, or resale of this material without ICLE’s written permission is strictly prohibited.

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