Professor Sunderland's 780-page chapter on Pleadings: "Pleadings are statements, in logical and legal form, of causes of action and grounds of defense, terminating in a single proposition affirmed on one side and denied on the other. They are intended to form the foundation of the proof to be submitted on the trial, and should advise the parties to an action what the opposite party relies upon either as a cause of action or defense or objection as the case may be." Preceded by a 41-page outline.
Publication Information & Recommended Citation
Sunderland, Edson R. "Pleading." In Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure, vol. 31, 1-778. New York: American Law Book Co., 1909.