Observing these significant legal-political debates in the Chinese press and academy in the first decade of the twenty-first century, we might think they concern battles started only in the last decade and a half of Reform-era China. Now Professor Xu Xiaoqun reminds us that these struggles have a much longer pedigree, stretching back to the end of the nineteenth century and China's first fraught encounter with "the West" and one idea of "modernity."
Howson, Nicholas C. Review of Trial of Modernity: Judicial Reform in Early Twentieth Century China, 1901-37, by Xiaoqun Xu. Am. J. Comp. L. 57, no. 2 (2009): 518-27.