This article discusses how Title VII affects the operation of these facially neutral practices and attempts to determine when such practices are unlawful under Title VII. It also discusses the possible effects of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 on this problem.
Dianne B. Fraser,
Facially Neutral Criteria and Discrimination Under Title VII: "Built-In Headwinds" or Permissible Practices?,
U. Mich. J. L. Reform
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjlr/vol6/iss1/5