The United States government has been spying on its citizens through a massive surveillance infrastructure that is unrestricted to a particular target or suspicion of wrongdoing. The statutory and regulatory authorities responsible for this infrastructure are sprawling and often secret. Built-in limitations and oversight mechanisms are riddled with loopholes or inaccessible due to exceedingly high thresholds. Litigation challenges to surveillance overreach often fail at standing. Under the current doctrine, plaintiffs must show that their own communications have been surveilled by a specific surveillance program. This Note contributes to surveillance reform by proposing a private right of action that sets the requirements for Article III standing in surveillance cases to broaden access to judicial redress for would-be plaintiffs with meritorious claims.
Danna Z. Elmasry,
Fighting Global Surveillance: Lessons from the American Muslim Community,
U. Mich. J. L. Reform
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjlr/vol55/iss4/5