Since the outbreak of the international debt crisis at the beginning of the 1980s, debtor countries have reached a series of agreements with private creditor banks, with the aim of reducing the financial strain on the debtor countries and enabling them to service their debts. Long-term extensions of maturities are a central aspect of many of these arrangements. Included in the restructurings are all the medium- and long-term claims of the creditor banks, often short-term trade credits and interbank lines, and, in individual cases such as the restructuring of the debts of Poland, Yugoslavia, Costa Rica, and some African States, bonds as well. In addition, the restructuring packages often include the provision of new credits, in order to maintain, at least for a time, the liquidity of the debtor countries.
Carsten T. Ebenroth & Rüdiger Woggon,
The Development of the Equal Treatment Principle in the International Debt Crisis,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
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