This article argues that "specificity" should be required before a benefit can be considered a countervailable subsidy. Subsequently, it explains the shades of the specificity test under U.S. law, and how the agency which administers countervailing duty law applies that test. Finally, this article discusses whether, under U.S. law, it is sufficient to rely on this test or whether additional requirements should be imposed before a benefit is deemed a countervailable subsidy.
Pieter M. Alexander,
The Specificity Test Under U.S. Countervailing Duty Law,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol10/iss3/3