When the Antidumping Act of 1921 was enacted, the mechanics of its application to products of state-controlled economies (hereinafter SCES) understandably was not treated. There was only one state-controlled economy in existence in 1921, and its trade with the United States was relatively insignificant. Recently, however, trade with SCEs has been increasing, and continued growth is likely. United States imports from SCEs in 1977 increased to $1,686 million from a volume of $50 million in 1951. This larger volume of trade necessitates a reassessment of the way in which the problems of interaction with these completely different economies are handled.
Stephanie M. Smith,
The Treatment of Products from State-Controlled Economies under the United States Antidumping Law,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol1/iss1/15