When a private party files a dumping complaint, the Antidumping Act of 1921 provides a two-step procedure for examining an alleged infraction by a foreign exporter. First, the Department of the Treasury must determine if imports are being marketed within the United States at less than fair value (hereinafter LTFV). If Treasury makes an affirmative determination, the International Trade Commission (ITC) must then determine if a United States industry is being injured, is likely to be injured, or is prevented from being established by reason of the LTFV sales. If any of these forms of injury is found, an antidumping duty equal to the margin of dumping (as determined by Treasury) is levied on the imported LTFV goods.
Edward J. Krauland,
The Standard of Injury in the Resolution of Antidumping Disputes,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol1/iss1/10