This Article outlines the particular cultural characteristics giving rise to traditional berdachism, the means by which American policies fostered their decline, and the Navajo tribal courts' re-infusion of these characteristics into contemporary jurisprudence. By tracking the interplay between the traditional values of child autonomy, gender equality, and tribal collectivism, the rise, fall and potential reemergence of the berdache tradition can be analyzed as resulting from shifts in its determinative cultural elements.
Preserving the Seeds of Gender Fluidity: Tribal Courts and the Berdache Tradition,
Mich. J. Gender & L.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjgl/vol13/iss2/2