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Download Front Matter, Table of Contents, and Preface (238 KB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on the Internal Protection Alternative (1.3 MB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on the Nexus to a Convention Ground (637 KB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on Well-Founded Fear (1.4 MB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on the Right to Work (1.5 MB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on the Exclusion of International Criminals (676 KB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on Risk for Reasons of Political Opinion (463 KB)
Download The Michigan Guidelines on Freedom of Movement (950 KB)
Download Index (406 KB)
The Michigan Guidelines on the International Protection of Refugees are the result of a collective endeavor of hundreds of scholars, advocates, judges, and international officials to tackle some of the most important and challenging questions in international refugee law. This volume presents 20 years of the Guidelines — the consensus work of senior Michigan Law students and experts from around the world on cutting-edge refugee law concerns — in five languages (English, French, Spanish, Arabic, and Russian).
The Guidelines address five of the most difficult issues of refugee status: what is the meaning of a “well-founded fear”; when may refugee status be denied on grounds of an “internal protection alternative”; how is the causal connection to a Convention ground to be assessed; when is a risk fairly said to be for reasons of “political opinion”; and under what circumstances are persons believed to have violated rules of international criminal law to be excluded from refugee status? Additionally, this volume also addresses three critical aspects of refugee rights – when may a refugee be required to seek protection in a country not of his or her choosing; to what extent is a refugee entitled to undertake employment or other economic activity; and what is the scope of a refugee’s right to freedom of movement, both between states and within the asylum country?
Ann Arbor, MI
University of Michigan's Program in Refugee Law, Michigan Guidelines on the International Protection of Refugees, Internal Protection Alternative (1999), Nexus to a Convention Ground (2001), Well-Founded Fear (2004), Protection Elsewhere (2006), Right to Work (2009), Exclusion of International Criminals (2013), Risk for Reasons of Political Opinion (2015), Refugee Freedom of Movement (2017), refugee rights
Immigration Law | International Law
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International License.
Hathaway, James C. The Michigan Guidelines on the International Protection of Refugees. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.11478533