The use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy is harmful to the developing child. When children are born having been exposed to these substances, children’s protective services should uniformly substantiate child maltreatment in order to ensure that the child’s parent(s) and the child receive the treatment and services necessary to address the child’s immediate safety, protect the government’s compelling interest in the child’s welfare, and ensure the best long-term outcome for the child.
Vandervort, Frank E. and Vincent J. Palusci. "To Protect and Provide for Children, Prenatal Substance Use Must be Considered Abuse." American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children Advisor 31, no. 2 (2019).