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Post conflict transition has become an industry, with a plethora of states, NGOs, experts, institutes, academics and U.N. bodies, all seeking to find the right formula to effect real and sustainable peace where previously there has been none. It is valuable and important, nevertheless, to note that "more than [fifty] percent of peace agreements fail within the first five years of signature". The evidence is clear: transitions are not working.

In this essay we seek to explain and deconstruct some of the terminology applied to post conflict situations by briefly looking at conceptss of "gender equality" participation, political economy, neo-liberalism, and transformation. We then show how human rights and in particular economic, social, and cultural rights, which are vital to the organization of the international system but increasingly ignored in practice, can be used to support a theory of change.