Personalized medicine is a touchstone of modern medical science, and is increasingly addressed in the legal literature. In personalized medicine, treatments are chosen and tailored based on the characteristics of the individual patient. However, personalized medicine today is largely limited to those relatively simple relationships that can be explicitly characterized and validated through the scientific process and through clinical trials
Price, W. Nicholson, II. "Describing Black-Box Medicine." Boston University Journal of Science & Technology Law 21, no. 2 (2015): 347-56.