he connection between authority and responsibility is such that the one cannot be thought of without the other. In legal method, close reading and rereading of a text marks it as an authoritative text; the presupposition of mind which is necessary to close reading is presupposition of a responsible mind. In the working of institutions that embody authority, the disposition to follow the decisions and statements of a person responsible for a matter inevitably rests upon a presupposition that the decisions and statements followed are those of the responsible person. As that presupposition fades with bureaucratization of decision and writing, authority fades; authority reemerges with institutional change, with delegation of office and assumption by the delegee of responsibility.
Vining, Joseph. "Authority and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Deference." Admin. L. Rev. 43 (1991): 135-46.