An understanding of the present day liability of the common carrier under conditions as they exist, especially in interstate shipments, is best reached by an historical journey from the early decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States to the end of the year just past.
Goddard, Edwin C. "The Liability of the Common Carrier as Determined by the Recent Decisions of the United States Supreme Court." Colum. L. Rev. 15 (1915): 399–416, 475–88.