Response or Comment
The State of Massachusetts by statute requires automobiles to be registered, and prohibits the operation of unregistered machines upon any public highway. While this law was in force, a party of persons went riding in an automobile whose registration had expired four days before. While they were in the act of crossing a railroad track, the automobile was struck by a locomotive, and several of the party were injured and one killed. Five actions were brought against the railroad company. There was evidence that the whistle of the locomotive had not been blown nor the bell rung as the locomotive approached the crossing, although a statute required both of these things to be done for the protection of travellers.
Sunderland, Edson R. "The Rights of Passengers in an Unregistered Automobile." Mich. L. Rev. 9 (1911): 599-600.