The U.S. system for regulating appliances—which account for a huge percentage of the nation’s carbon emissions—is a mess. Since the federal government began regulating appliance efficiency in the 1970s, the process has been characterized by frequent delays and foot-dragging, followed by lawsuits and legislative overhauls. Amidst the turmoil, a number of states have attempted to assert leadership in setting appliance standards but have often faced federal roadblocks in doing so.
Ann E. Carlson,
Energy Efficiency and Federalism,
Mich. L. Rev. First Impressions
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr_fi/vol107/iss1/17