In his concurring opinion in Crawford v. Washington, Chief Justice Rehnquist criticized the majority for holding that the Confrontation Clause applies to “testimonial” statements but leaving for “another day” any effort to define sufficiently what “testimonial” means. Prosecutors and defendants, he said, “should not be left in the dark in this manner.” Over the next two years, both sides grappled with the meaning of testimonial, each gleaning import from sections of Crawford that seemingly proved their test was the right one. When the Court granted certiorari in Davis v. Washington and Hammon v. Indiana (hereinafter Davis), hopes were high that the Court would provide the answers—the definitive test for testimonial. Not surprisingly, it did not.
Anthony J. Franze & Jacob E. Smiles,
Still "Left in the Dark": The Confrontation Clause and Child Abuse Cases After Davis v. Washington,
Mich. L. Rev. First Impressions
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr_fi/vol105/iss1/21