In the Brown v. Board of Education decisions of 1954 and 1955, the United States Supreme Court made it clear that separate public school facilities for pupils of different races are inherently unequal and constitute a denial of the equal protection of the laws. While it was not altogether clear from the language of the opinions whether segregated faculties in public schools are also unconstitutional, subsequent lower court decisions have held that racial discrimination in the selection and assignment of teachers is forbidden.
Michigan Law Review,
Discrimination in the Hiring and Assignment of Teachers in Public School Systems,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol64/iss4/6