In order to clarify the use of terms, a "confiscation" when used in this comment will mean an expropriation by a foreign state without compensation. This writer will not go into the question of what is considered fair compensation in international law. Nor will the present comment consider confiscations made in time of war or the question of extraterritorial expropriations.
John C. Peters S.Ed.,
International Conflict of Laws - Title to Chattels "Act of State" Doctrine,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol58/iss1/35