In cases involving the discipline of union members by a trade union, and the member's right of redress for such disciplinary action, one of the most consistently quoted maxims is that the remedies offered by the union must be exhausted before the court will assume jurisdiction. Imbued with the desire to do justice, courts have made many exceptions to the general rule, and the problem presented is when the courts will require the exhaustion of internal remedies.
John W. Potter,
LABOR LAW - JURISDICTION OF COURTS OVER ACTIONS BY MEMBER AGAINST UNION - NECESSITY OF EXHAUSTING TRADE UNION AND ADMINSTRATIVE REMEDIES,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol41/iss1/6