This research was debated and refined at the Second Colloquium on Challenges in International Refugee Law, convened in March 2001 by the University of Michigan's Program in Refugee and Asylum Law. These Guidelines are the product of that endeavor, and reflect the consensus of Colloquium participants on how the causal nexus to a Convention ground should be understood in international refugee law. Laid out in French and translated into English.
Second Colloquium on Challenges in International Refugee Law,
The Michigan Guidelines on Nexus to a Convention Ground,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol23/iss2/1