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Download Front Matter (32 KB)

Download Preface (157 KB)

Download Table of Contents (78 KB)

Download Part One: The Prevention of Repeated Crime; 1. The Purposes of Treatment (671 KB)

Download 2. Failure of Punitive Treatment (619 KB)

Download 3. Changing Theories of Proper Treatment (619 KB)

Download 4. Legislative Authorization of Non-punitive Treatments (1.0 MB)

Download 5. Actual Utilization of Non-punitive Methods (396 KB)

Download 6. Conclusions (246 KB)

Download Part Two: Statutes and Related Materials (63 KB)

Download Appendix A. Release before Commitment (440 KB)

Download Appendix B. Release after Commitment (275 KB)

Download Appendix C. Separation of Types of Prisoners (307 KB)

Download Appendix D. Segregation during Dangerousness (334 KB)

Download Appendix E. Commitment of Persons Addicted to the Use of Intoxicants (204 KB)

Download Appendix F. Limitation of Market For Prison-made Goods (267 KB)

Download Appendix G. Permissible Sale of Prison-Made Goods to Other Institutions (198 KB)

Download Appendix H. Requirement of Purchase of Prison-Made Goods by Other Institutions (166 KB)

Download Appendixl I. Authorization of the Establishment of Rehabilitative Industries (558 KB)

Download Appendix J. Educational Rehabilitation (271 KB)

Download Appendix K. Medical and Surgical Treatment (382 KB)

Download Appendix L. Assistance to Persons Released on Parole (484 KB)

Download Appendix M. Assistance to Persons Discharged from Custody (443 KB)

Download Appendix N. Assistance Actually Rendered (433 KB)

Download Appendix 0. Prison and Relief Associations in the United States and Canada (110 KB)


Though this study is concerned fundamentally with the prevention of crime, it deals only with that part of the field wherein prevention of further crime is sought through treatment of known criminals. The whole field of crime prevention is, of course, much wider than that particular part. With a reasonable degree of logical distinction, it represents five major divisions of particularized interest. The first involves the question of what activities are to be considered as crimes and ought, as such; to be prevented. The second division assumes that a crime has been committed and covers the various activities by which responsibility for its commission is fixed upon a particular individual. The third and fourth divisions assume certain activities as definitively criminal and involve the procedures by which organized society seeks to forestall their perpetration. This prophylactic, preventive activity is of two essentially different types. One type seeks to prevent crime by correcting or alleviating the social and economic conditions which cause crime through their pressure upon the individual. Of this type are efforts toward slum clearance, unemployment insurance, community facilities for lawful expenditure of surplus energies, prohibition of the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors. The other type of prophylactic activity, which may be called the fourth division of preventive effort, includes the preventive measures designed to operate upon the individual himself, in the hope of guiding his reactions to social and economic conditions into safe channels, or of so controlling his person in one way and another as to render his reactions harmless. This fourth division may in its turn be divided into two. One comprises all such efforts-trade-training, crime preventive medicine and surgery, teaching of temperance, education, instilling of fear-as are directed toward the group as a whole, without special regard for those who have already offended against the law. The other division comprises such activities as may be directed particularly toward prevention of repeated criminality on the part of persons who have already offended one or more times.It is this latter problem, this fifth division of crime preventive activities, with which this discussion is concerned-the problem of preventing repeated crime through treatment of the known criminal himself.

Publication Date



University of Michigan Press


Ann Arbor


Crime prevention, Punishment, Rehabilitation, Reform, Segregation, Imprisonment, Prison-made goods, Recidivism, Recidivists, Convict labor


Criminal Law | Law Enforcement and Corrections


Published under the auspices of the University of Michigan Law School (which, however, assumes no responsibility for the views expressed) with the aid of funds derived from gifts to the University of Michigan by William W. Cook.

The Prevention of Repeated Crime