The desirability of union democracy is generally regarded today as a self-evident proposition. In this Symposium Clyde Summers treats it as a "fundamental premise." But there have always been reputable scholars who would support the thesis, in greater or lesser degree, that "democracy is as inappropriate within the international headquarters of the UAW as it is in the front office of General Motors."
St. Antoine, Theodore J. "The Government and Union Democracy." Introduction to U. Mich. J.L. Reform. 24 ( (1991): 469–77.