Artificial intelligence and machine learning represent powerful tools in many fields, ranging from criminal justice to human biology to climate change. Part of the power of these tools arises from their ability to make predictions and glean useful information about complex real-world systems without the need to understand the workings of those systems.
Price, W. Nicholson, II. "Clearing Opacity through Machine Learning." Co-authored by Arti K. Rai. Iowa L. Rev. 106, no. 2 (2021): 775-812.