The European Court of Human Rights ("ECtHR") has a distinguished track record. Established under the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 ("ECHR"), it was the world's first international human rights court. It decides thousands of cases every year, and its opinions are cited world-wide. For most of its history, the Court's jurisprudence on equality was uninspiring, as it was based on a formal conception of equality. In recent years, however, the ECtHR has begun to give equality more substantive content.
Dr. Rory O'Connell,
Substantive Equality in the European Court of Human Rights?,
Mich. L. Rev. First Impressions
Available at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr_fi/vol107/iss1/4