Political parties have unique associational rights. In party primaries, party members associate to further their common political beliefs, and more importantly, to nominate candidates. These candidate are the "standard bearer[s]" for the political party-the people who "best represent[ ] the party's ideologies and preferences." The primary represents a "crucial juncture at which the appeal to common principles may be translated into concerted action, and hence to political power in the community." Because the primary is such a critical moment for the political party, the party's asso-ciational rights are most important at this time.
Margaret P. Aisenbrey,
Party On: The Right to Voluntary Blanket Primaries,
Mich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol105/iss3/4