This paper proceeds as follows. In Part I, the author discuss a pluralistic theory of accountability. He begins by defining accountability in a standard fashion, emphasizing two conditions: the availability of information to accountability-holders, and their ability to sanction power-wielders. The author then proceeds to discuss a pluralistic conception of accountability systems. Part II then develops a typology of eight accountability mechanisms, all of which are found in democratic societies, but not all of which are democratic per se. Part III builds on the Jacobson-Ku discussion of the current practices, relative to accountability, of the Security Council and asks how they could, from the perspective of accountability, be improved.
Robert O. Keohane,
The Concept of Accountability in World Politics and the Use of Force,
Mich. J. Int'l L.
Available at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol24/iss4/9